Preschoolers and Pre-Math

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Numbers” by Clker-Free-Vector-Images is licensed under CC by 2.0

Did you know that the basic math we introduce our preschoolers to has a corresponding name of its own? It is known as ‘pre-math’. Pre-math refers to  introductory math, such as counting numbers from 1 to 10, learning to differentiate between the sizes (big and small) of similar shapes, determining which number comes before/after another and also being able to pronounce the number names correctly.

I recently came across the results of a study published in the Journal of Experimental and Child Psychology, which evaluated the math skills of 112 preschool kids ranging between the ages of 3-5 years. The difference in their math skill set upon entering and leaving preschool was studied and psychologist Dave Geary had this to say:

“What we found was that kids who were a little bit delayed in the learning of the meaning of these number words really weren’t very fluent at processing numbers when they hit kindergarten.”

To put it in a nutshell, there was higher probability of preschoolers doing well in math if they entered kindergarten after grasping two basic concepts – words that are associated with numbers along with the quantities they represent. For instance, the term ‘two’ would mean a pair of things, such as their shoes. The key here is to begin with very few items so that preschoolers comprehend numbers easily; for instance, according to Geary:

“So you start with one and you add one more – how many is that? Or you start with three and you take away two, how many is that?”

Sounds pretty straightforward? Well, it may or may not be, depending on the attention span of your preschooler. In the following weeks, let’s talk about fun ways to introduce preschoolers to ‘pre-math’.

Teaching Preschoolers Basic Table Manners

The words ‘preschooler’ and ‘messy’ are synonymous with each other, especially when it comes to the dining table. Kids love getting their hands (and feet and arms and face and everything else) messy and gooey. However, there are some basic table manners which they can be reminded of time and again from an early age.

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Child” by speaknow is licensed under CC by 2.0

According to parenting coach Lisa Bunnage, “Toddlers need constant reminding to behave. It’s all a game to little ones, so it’s up to parents to set the mealtimes rules right from the start.”

It could begin by washing hands alongside them before coming to the dining table. If kids observe you doing it before every meal, they’ll do it too. Next comes using words like ‘Please’ and ‘Thank you’. For instance, ‘Ketchup’ from them should not elicit a response from you, except for a gentle reminder to put it like ‘Please pass me the ketchup’ followed by a ‘Thank you’. Needless to say, it will take considerable prodding and reinforcing efforts on your part but eventually they’ll get used to talking a particular way.

Slightly older kids should be taught to help in clearing the table after a meal. Even if they aren’t tall enough to reach up to the kitchen counter, they could simply carry the dirty plates to the sink and hand them over to an adult. Lastly, washing hands after a meal needs to be emphasized the same way as before beginning a meal.

The key is to set realistic expectations and gently remind them about their table manners at each mealtime. Preschoolers are avid observers and fast learners; in no time, they’ll be perfect little gentlemen and gentlewomen with regard to table etiquette!

May Day Flower Crafts for Preschoolers

May Day has always been synonymous with the spring season. Legend has it that in olden times, children used to dance in the moonlit woods a day before May Day to celebrate the onset of spring. Why not let your preschooler have some fun with some spring crafts to celebrate the season of sun and daisies?

Flower Crown

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Summer Crown” by Katia_M is licensed under CC by 2.0

This activity can be carried out both with real as well as artificial flowers, the former being preferable (and prettier too). Here’s how you go about it: To measure the circumference of your child’s head, wrap a piece of twine around once (not too tight), add about two and a half inches to the length measured and doubling the twine over once, tie a tight knot to it.

Now ask your little one to pick the flowers of her choice from the garden; it’ll be perfect if you have relatively small flowers in white or pink or even yellow – any color would do though. Or else, bigger flowers with stalks would be easy to work with. Simply overlap the stalks with each other such that they are each an inch ahead of the one previous to it and tie them up to the twine/wire. Ask your child whether she wants to have just one color or many colors. And then all you’ve got to do is watch with glee as she preens like a fairy princess in front of the mirror!

Flower Mask

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Cartoon” by OpenClipart-Vectors is licensed under CC by 2.0

Back in my childhood days, I remember I participated in a school play once. Participated as in I was supposed to be a tree. I recall being thrilled at the prospect of standing right at the back of the stage with my nose and cheeks painted brown to merge in with the brown of the tree trunk made from cardboard, with green foliage as my cap. Not sure why exactly I was so ecstatic with such a nondescript part, but I guess the fascination of simply standing on the school stage in front of a large audience was one of the factors responsible for the grin plastered on my face throughout.

Cut to the present. I’m sure your preschoolers would be thrilled to bits too, if you suggested them enacting the part of, say, a sunflower or a daisy and prancing around in their ‘costume’. You’ll require some big pieces of cardboard; opened out cereal boxes should work well. Put a small quarter plate upside down over it and trace it with a pencil. Now place a larger plate upside down using the same center and trace another bigger circle outside the one drawn earlier, such that you’ve traced out a shape akin to that of a doughnut. Cut out the center carefully. Ask your little one to trace out flower petals (of the corresponding size) from the cardboard too. You could stick white paper over the cut-out petals and allow your children to color them in their favorite shades. Now, all you’ve got to do is glue the petals a tad symmetrically around the edge of your cut-out circle (here’s an easy tutorial demonstrating how it is done). For the finishing touch, either add a cardboard green-colored stalk at the bottom which the child can hold while poking their face through the center of the flower or else attach a ribbon on both sides to be tied at the back of the head. Done!

Help your kids create something beautiful this May Day!

4 Engaging Easter Picture Story Books for Preschoolers

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Easter” by Pezibear is licensed under CC by 2.0

What is Easter? (by Michelle Medlock Adams)

A nice little Easter board book for preschoolers with fun illustrations and rhymes which are good to read/sing along. It talks about everything from jelly beans to Easter eggs, chocolate bunnies to the story of Jesus Christ. A wonderful way to introduce your preschoolers to what Easter is all about.

Ollie’s Easter Eggs (by Olivier Dunrea)

This is a story narrated by means of pictures and revolves around Easter eggs – gathering them, dyeing them in different colors, hiding them and eventually looking for them. It talks about colors of all sorts through fun characters in the tale – Gossie, Gertie, BooBoo and Peedie.

Spot’s First Easter (by Eric Hill)

Like all other ‘Spot’ books, this one is a classic too. An enjoyable lift-the-flap story which reveals the spots where the elusive Easter eggs are hidden.

Little Bunny’s Easter Surprise (by Jeanne Modesitt)

A wonderful tale of family love and surprises on Easter. The watercolor illustrations in soft pastel hues are the icing on the cake.

4 Fun April Fool’s Day Tricks to Play on Your Preschooler

When it comes to your preschoolers, April Fool’s Day should be all about happiness, silliness and lots of fun. And with a couple of simple ideas, it can be pretty easy to do so too. Here are four fun trick ideas you can try out on your little one this April 1.

Lots & lots of balloons!

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Balloons” by Pexels is licensed under CC by 2.0

This needs to be done while your preschooler is fast asleep in her room. Simply blow up a whole lot of balloons once she has gone to bed, and usher them all into her room so that the floor, carpet, table, chair – everything but her bed is filled up with bright, colorful balloons. Helium balloons could be a good choice for this too. Just make sure you are there in her room to capture her expression of awe and wonder once she opens her eyes.

Frozen breakfast or Sunny-side-up eggs?

If your kid’s usual breakfast is a bowl of cereal, this idea could be a good one. A bowl of cereal and milk needs to be frozen overnight in the freezer and ultimately placed in front of your child on the dining table as usual (Make sure you add a little bit of fresh milk on the frozen stuff before putting it in front of him). Several unsuccessful attempts at digging into the unusual breakfast are bound to follow. However, in case your kids like to have eggs for breakfast, here’s another idea you can try out. Add a dash of yoghurt to a flat bowl and top it up with half a peeled peach (round side on the top). Sunny-side-up eggs, anyone?!

Upside down & Inside out!

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Pocket” by congerdesign is licensed under CC by 2.0

This one is perfect to leave your kids all puzzled. Turn everything you can upside down – photo frames on the mantelpiece, plates and cups on the kitchen shelves, the pen stand on her study table, her favorite soft toys (they could be positioned to stand on their heads), the toothbrush stand in the bathroom, the tablet which she uses to play her online games face down, the pillows arranged at the foot end of the bed; her socks and t-shirts could be turned inside out and folded neatly in piles in the way it generally is stored, and the like. After a few confused looks and some figuring out, it can be a fun task to go about setting everything the right way again.

Eating your way backwards

Given a choice, who wouldn’t like to have dessert first, at the beginning of the meal? Well, just for a day, actually do it. Have the apple pie and ice cream or chocolate pudding first to begin with, followed by the lasagna and sandwiches and finally the grilled chicken (which was initially supposed to be the appetizer) to wind up. Needless to say, there’ll be a lot of happy faces (including yours!) at the dinner table on April Fool’s day.

Any other ideas to add to this list?

Gru, Dru & The Minions

Critics are of the view that the Despicable Me movies are ideal for kids aged 4 and above. Well, if you ask me, I feel that this series of films resonates with all age groups – after all, I ended up enjoying both parts 1 and 2 as much as my kids!

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Minions” by leovalente is licensed under CC by 2.0

Good news – Despicable 3 is scheduled for release this June. The first two flicks were simply wonderful and a complete package of sorts. There was ample shooting (but all for fun since no one got hurt), a supervillain who ended up with a heart of gold and three very cute kids along with lots of laughable moments thanks to the fun-loving minions.

Why do kids love it? Funny, quirky characters, hilarious minions plus ‘the dog’ and parts that would make both you and your little ones laugh out loud. In short, a perfect movie for family night. What with Gru discovering he has a twin brother Dru who lives in a huge mansion, the story looks even more promising than before. Here’s a sneak peek of their exciting, roller-coaster journey.

June, ahoy!

3 Ways Poems & Rhymes Help Kids in Learning

When I try to recall my earliest memory, this is what comes up – me as a four-year-old, standing on the school stage amongst a group of kids all belonging to my age group, with all of us acting out the nursery rhyme Twinkle Twinkle Little Star playing backstage with music. I vividly remember the simple steps even today. I also recall that we were all dressed in blue – girls in sky blue dresses and boys in sky blue shirts and dark blue trousers.

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Stars” by Clker-Free-Vector-Images is licensed under CC by 2.0

So today, when I came across an article on the importance of nursery rhymes and poems in the overall development of a child starting from as young as preschool, I realized I had never looked at it from that perspective. Hence, it seemed an interesting subject to share with like-minded parents here. Leave alone just worksheets, studies and online games that are educational, here is how poems and nursery rhymes too are helpful for our children.

Nursery rhymes narrate a story with rhythm

Mary had a little lamb, little lamb,
little lamb, Mary had a little lamb
whose fleece was white as snow.
And everywhere that Mary went
Mary went, Mary went, everywhere
that Mary went
The lamb was sure to go.

Remember this evergreen rhyme which talks about Mary and her little lamb? It has a musical lilt to it, with several words being repeated time and again to aid in the child’s memory development, and the story progressing to how her little white lamb follows her to school and makes the children laugh and play. This is a tale in itself which is sure to capture a young kid’s imagination. Add to it actions or motions and it becomes a fun activity for kids to incorporate movement into the musical story. Preschoolers may not understand each word of a poem, but they will definitely take to the musical beat and sing or act along.

Poems help to build vocabulary

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Boy” by Clker-Free-Vector-Images is licensed under CC by 2.0

Chubby cheeks, dimple chin
Rosy lips, teeth within
Curly hair, very fair
Eyes are blue – lovely too.
Teachers pet, is that you?
Yes, Yes, Yes!

Not many preschoolers will know what ‘chubby’ or ‘dimple’ means. However, if you act out the above verses with them, pointing to each part of the body mentioned in the lines, it serves a double purpose – one, kids get to learn about the different parts of their body; two, new words are introduced into their world, which they have not come across earlier. They are very unlikely to forget these easily, since the nursery rhymes learnt in the early years more often than not manage to stay with us throughout our lives. A catchy rhyme does the trick in helping kids remember words easily, thus helping them develop memorization skills too.

Rhymes make dry facts colorful

One, two
Buckle my shoe,
Three, four
Open on the door,
Five, six
Pick up sticks,
Seven, eight
Lay them straight,
Nine, ten
A good fat hen,
Eleven, twelve
Dig and delve,
Thirteen, fourteen
Maids a-courting,
Fifteen, sixteen
Maids in the kitchen,
Seventeen, eighteen
Maids a-waiting,
Nineteen, twenty
My plate’s empty.

Simply counting down from 1 to 20 can be a pretty dry exercise. Making that same counting turn into a nursery rhyme will have kids captivated, especially if they act it out, as in One Two Buckle My Shoe. Another similar instance is the traditional poem called Thirty Days Hath September to remember the number of days in the months of the Gregorian calendar. This way it’s a win-win situation all along, with children learning new words, important facts and having fun all the while too.

Feeling a sense of nostalgia after all these years? Just hum along with these popular nursery rhymes all of us sang and danced to as kids. Each one of them brought a smile to my face!

Napping May Help Preschoolers Learn

A nap is always a good idea. At least, as adults we swear by it. However, taking a nap in the middle of the day is now a luxury. I always end up with a sense of accomplishment if I manage to get some shut-eye in the middle of the day! However, obviously, my kids seem to think otherwise and consider nap-time as a sense of punishment *sigh*

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Baby” by fujikama is licensed under CC by 2.0

Now, there is actual scientific evidence to prove what we parents knew all along about naps being good for kids. The University of Arizona recently carried out a study which they studied verb learning in preschoolers (3-year-olds). The study was laid out thus: 39 preschoolers in the said age group were divided into two separate groups – habitual nappers (used to napping 4 or more days in a week) and non-habitual nappers (used to napping 3 or less days in a week). To put the findings in a nutshell, kids who took a nap after learning the new verbs taught to them had a better understanding of the words even 24 hours later as compared to the kids who did not nap.

Study co-author Rebecca Gomez said this to sum up: “We know that when children don’t get enough sleep it can have long-term consequences. It’s important to create opportunities for children to nap – to have a regular time in their schedule that they could do that.”

Alas, I know what parents like me out there would be thinking; easier said than done, isn’t it?

Fun January Activities for Preschoolers

Okay, so the New Year is upon us and we’re more than halfway through January already. Most of us have probably already given up on our New Year resolutions too. Down in the doldrums? Well, apparently, it’s not all your fault. January 17 is (officially) celebrated as ‘Ditch New Year Resolutions Day’. So there.

Well, talking about days to celebrate in January, I ran a search and found some pretty fascinating results. Here’s how you can find several excuses to make January one of the most enjoyable months of the year, both for you and your little ones. Talk about beginning the New Year with a bang!

‘We didn’t realize we were making memories. We just knew we were having fun.’

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Pooh” by Wetmount is licensed under CC by 2.0

Come January 18 and cartoon lovers the world over celebrate ‘National Winnie the Pooh day’. Celebrated author A.A. Milne’s birthday falls on this day. My daughter absolutely adores her lovable Pooh bear, so much so that she’s been sleeping with a cuddly, stuffed toy version of it from as far back as I can remember! How to celebrate the occasion? Well, add a bit of honey to every meal to make it sweeter; Pooh loves honey. The more adventurous ones can whip up a honey-sweetened dessert or two (read: scrumptious honey cupcakes). Read aloud Winnie the Pooh stories to your preschooler from colorful story books. Or else, if you don’t already have one, buy a Winnie the Pooh soft toy for your home. It sure adds color and cheer to the room!

‘Winter – you’ll miss it when it’s gone.’

No one knows how and why this day came into being, but January 22 has its own name – ‘Come in from the Cold Day. I feel there are both pros and cons of the winter with the pros far outweighing the cons; the only con being it’s difficult to go out of the front door. Apart from that, it’s all pros – hot chocolate at any time of the day and night is acceptable, the best feeling in the world is snuggling in front of the fireplace with your favorite book or in my kids’ case, with their favorite virtual games on the tablet, and the aromas of hot sauces simmering on the stove accompanied with chicken lasagna, sausages and apple pie. A win-win situation for kids and adults alike!

‘It’s always the small pieces that make the big picture.’

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Puzzle” by LeoNeoBoy is licensed under CC by 2.0

Puzzles are for everyone, irrespective of age. Right from basic jigsaw puzzles for young children to their advanced versions for adults, putting together a jigsaw puzzle can be an engrossing activity. What’s more, the earlier kids get into the habit of solving jigsaw puzzles, the better. From developing hand-eye coordination at a young age to fine-tuning their fine as well as gross motor skills, from getting to recognize basic shapes and colors to learning how to be patient while solving a problem, a jigsaw puzzle does wonders to young, inquisitive minds. Not into jigsaw puzzles yourself? Try your hand at crossword puzzles in the newspaper instead, or number Sudoku puzzles. Oh, and we’re talking about puzzles here since January 29 is designated as National Puzzle Day.

To put it in a nutshell, January is much more than just about making and keeping resolutions – it’s about friendly, cuddly, honey-loving bears which give you a whole lot of good advice from time to time; it’s about sugar and spice and everything hot and nice in the wintry weather; it’s about spending quality time together as a family poring over a jigsaw puzzle with the crackling sound from the fireplace that keeps you warm. Have a wonderful start to the New Year!